Artificial Intelligence Timeline Infographic – From Eliza to Tay and beyond

Do you know your Eliza from your Tay, and the other A.I. heroes and villains from sixty years of Artificial Intelligence? Well, here’s an updated and downloadable A.I. timeline infographic to refresh your memory (high-resolution PDF JPG). It’s taken from our upcoming SYZYGY international survey Public Perceptions of Artificial Intelligence: What Marketers Need to Know to be released on October 6 (let me know if you’re interested in a copy).

We’re surveying 6000 people across Europe and the USA to understand how people feel about A.I. today. The goal of the study is to help marketers, whether marketing A.I. or marketing with A.I., become more empathetic to people’s hopes, fears and meanings around this emerging technology.

Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) timeline Infographic High-Resolution Download PDF JPG

  • 1950 TURING TEST Computer scientist Alan Turing proposes a test for machine intelligence. If a machine can trick humans into thinking it is human, then it has intelligence
  • 1955 A.I. BORN Term ‘artificial intelligence’ is coined by computer scientist, John McCarthy to describe “the science and engineering of making intelligent machines”
  • 1961 UNIMATE First industrial robot, Unimate, goes to work at GM replacing humans on the assembly line
  • 1964 ELIZA Pioneering chatbot developed by Joseph Weizenbaum at MIT holds conversations with humans
  • 1966 SHAKEY The ‘first electronic person’ from Stanford, Shakey is a general-purpose mobile robot reasons about its own actions
  • 1997 DEEP BLUE Deep Blue, a chess-playing computer from IBM defeats world chess champion, Garry Kasparov
  • 1998 KISMET Cynthia Breazeal at MIT introduces KISmet, an emotionally intelligent robot insofar as it detects and responds to people’s feelings
  • 1999 AIBO Sony launches first consumer robot pet dog AiBO (AI robot) with skills and personality that develop over time
  • 2002 ROOMBA First mass produced autonomous robotic vacuum cleaner from iRobot learns to navigate and clean homes
  • 2011 SIRI Apple integrates Siri, an intelligent virtual assistant with a voice interface, into the iPhone 4S
  • 2011 WATSON IBM’s question answering computer Watson wins first place on popular $1M prize television quiz show Jeopardy
  • 2014 EUGENE Eugene Goostman, a chatbot passes the Turing Test with a third of judges believing Eugene is human
  • 2014 ALEXA Amazon launches Alexa, an intelligent virtual assistant with a voice interface that can complete shopping tasks
  • 2016 TAY Microsoft’s chatbot Tay goes rogue on social media making inflammatory and offensive racist comments
  • 2017 ALPHAGO Google’s A.I. AlphaGo beats world champion Ke Jie in the complex board game of Go, notable for its vast number (2*170) of possible positions
Written by
Dr Paul Marsden
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Digital wellbeing covers the latest scientific research on the impact of digital technology on human wellbeing. Curated by psychologist Dr. Paul Marsden (@marsattacks). Sponsored by WPP agency SYZYGY.