‘Enclothed Cognition’ and ‘Positive Contagion’ – Research Directory

I’m researching how the clothes and accessories we wear, including the sensations and impressions they create, influence our cognitive and physical performance.

  • Enclothed cognition: the influence that clothes have on the wearer’s psychological processes
  • Positive contagion: how performance abilities can be influenced simply by touching/wearing items or garments
  • Embodied cognition: the influence that body states have on states of mind

Here’s an evolving bibliography of research papers for others interested in enclothed cognition, starting with a fun primer video on Enclothed Cognition.

Adam, H., & Galinsky, A. D. (2012). Enclothed cognitionJournal of Experimental Social Psychology48(4), 918-925.

Anderson, M. L. (2003). Embodied cognition: A field guideArtificial intelligence149(1), 91-130.

Calin-Jageman, R. J., & Caldwell, T. L. (2014). Replication of the superstition and performance study by Damisch, Stoberock, and Mussweiler (2010). Social Psychology. 239-245

DeCaro, M. S. (2014). Enclothed Cognition and Controlled Attention During Insight Problem-SolvingThe Journal of Problem Solving7(1), 8.

Dömötör, Z., Ruíz‐Barquín, R., & Szabo, A. (2016). Superstitious behavior in sport: A literature review. Scandinavian journal of psychology, 57(4), 368-382.

Ellis, D. A., & Jenkins, R. (2015). Watch-wearing as a marker of conscientiousnessPeerJ3, e1210.

Glenberg, A. M. (2010). Embodiment as a unifying perspective for psychologyWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science1(4), 586-596.

Haynes, A. J. (2017). Enclothed Emotion: A Study of Attire and Attention (dissertation, Ohio).

Hill, R. A., & Barton, R. A. (2005). Psychology: red enhances human performance in contestsNature435(7040), 293-293.

Lee, C., Linkenauger, S. A., Bakdash, J. Z., Joy-Gaba, J. A., & Profitt, D. R. (2011). Putting like a pro: The role of positive contagion in golf performance and perception. PLoS One, 6(10), e26016.

Lopez-Perez, B., Ambrona, T., Wilson, E., & Khalil, M. (2016). The effect of enclothed cognition on empathic responses and helping behaviour. Social Psychology, 47(4), 223-231.

Mahon, B. Z., & Caramazza, A. (2008). A critical look at the embodied cognition hypothesis and a new proposal for grounding conceptual contentJournal of physiology-Paris102(1), 59-70.

Patel, M. S., Asch, D. A., & Volpp, K. G. (2015). Wearable devices as facilitators, not drivers, of health behavior changeJama313(5), 459-460.

Ramnanan, V. B. (2018). An analysis of enclothed cognition as related to personality factors and its interdisciplinary implications (dissertation).

Shapiro, L. (2007). The embodied cognition research programmePhilosophy compass2(2), 338-346.

Slepian, M. L., Ferber, S. N., Gold, J. M., & Rutchick, A. M. (2015). The Cognitive Consequences of Formal ClothingSocial Psychological and Personality Science, 1948550615579462.

Wiedemann, D., Burt, D. M., Hill, R. A., & Barton, R. A. (2015). Red clothing increases perceived dominance, aggression and anger. Biology letters11(5), 20150166.

White, R. E., Prager, E. O., Schaefer, C., Kross, E., Duckworth, A. L., & Carlson, S. M. (2017). The “Batman Effect”: Improving perseverance in young children. Child development, 88(5), 1563-1571.

Wilson, A. D., & Golonka, S. (2013). Embodied cognition is not what you think it isFrontiers in psychology4.

Wilson, M. (2002). Six views of embodied cognitionPsychonomic bulletin & review9(4), 625-636.

Womack, R. (2016). Enclothed Cognition: The Effect of Attire on Attention Task Performance. Samford Undergraduate Research Journal, 94.

Zhang, Q., Yin, T., & Ran, G. (2015). Enclothed Cognition: The New Perspectives on Embodied CognitionAdvances in Psychology, 5, 323-333.

Zunker, C., Karr, T., Sherman, R. T., Cao, L., Crosby, R. D., & Mitchell, J. E. Perceptions of Running Performance: The Role of Clothing Fit. The sport journal, Feb